Gothique, Byzantine, Roman architectural styles ... are artistic traits that express the style of an era. The magnificent works bearing these architectures still stand up to this day.
1. Gothic architecture
The stunning beauty of a Gothic-style cathedral
Born after Roman architecture, Gothic architecture (also known as Francigenum Opus, meaning French works), began to develop from the second half of the Middle Ages in Western Europe. Roman and Gothic are two medieval architectural styles.
Modern buildings with medieval Gothic style
Beginning in 1200 AD, Europeans began to build this culmination-style church system and palace. Gothic architectural style is prone to sharp roof, designed with many windows.
So far, many spectacular works in the world of Gothic style have been recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage.
A Gothic style church in Meisenheim, Germany
The massive beauty of the Gothic church
Inside a Gothic-style cathedral
A Gothic-style cathedral dome
2. Byzantine architecture
Typical of the Byzantine architecture is a circular dome with large overpasses, window panes designed so that the light filtered through a thin sheet of plaster shines down into the vast space inside.
Byzantine-architecture cathedral dome
Byzantine is the architectural style of Constantinopolis, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire (also known as the Byzantine Empire) from the 4th to 15th centuries. Palatina Cathedral is a typical Byzantine architectural style in the world.
Inside a Byzantine-architecture cathedral
These style windows are designed to illuminate the vast space inside
3. Roman architecture
Roman architecture is the architectural style of Central and Western Europe. Roman architecture was born in the 11th and 12th centuries, mainly in France, England, Italy, Belgium, and Spain. Roman style favored a curved dome with columns of fine lines. Roman and unique.
Nidaros Cathedral in a Roman and Gothic style
Works in Roman style
Pillars, bodies of Roman architecture is very different, the pillar heads often have an inverted shape, decorated with flower leaves or with geometric decorations rolled together, at the beginning of the pillar heads decorated with scenes of people or interesting.
The sacred monasteries, churches, cathedrals in Europe are mostly bearing beautiful Roman architectural styles, such as Saint-Sernin church, Saint Étienne Cathedral.
Inside the Saint-Sernin church
4. Renaissance architecture
Renaissance architecture (lasting from the 14th to 17th centuries in Europe) is characterized by religion, especially Christianity.
Many invaluable works of the Renaissance geniuses have built and developed the architectural style in sculpture, building the ultimate for humanity.
The architects and masters of the Renaissance period must include Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo …
This architectural style expresses strongly in the world’s leading architectural works still exist today such as Pazzi Temple, Medici castle, Capitole square …
5. Baroque architecture
Baroque architecture (Baroque) appeared in Italy at the end of the 17th century. Baroque architecture was inspired by Renaissance architecture but in a new, eloquent and theatrical style.
A Baroque cathedral
Baroque is often applied in church building architecture to show power and autonomy.
The oval is the dominant figure of the architecture that requires this meticulous, detailed and sophisticated.
The oval is the dominant figure of Baroque architecture
The splendid beauty of a Baroque-style cathedral
A cathedral built in Baroque style
In addition to 5 typical architectural styles, many beautiful works in the world also follow Moroccan architectural styles, Art Nouveau art architecture, Art Deco art architecture, Ancient Greek architecture, Rococo architecture, modern architecture, neoclassical, postmodern, Russian architecture, Buddhist architecture ….